Fly-half Francois Trinh-Duc is a surprise inclusion in a 30-man 'France XV Group' who will only be allowed a limited number of games ahead of next year's World Cup.
Trinh-Duc was left out of the squad to tour Australia this summer, and his international future looked bleak under coach Philippe Saint-Andre.
He was the undisputed No 1 under the previous coach Marc Lievremont but he has played just five times since Saint-Andre took over the reins ahead of the 2012 Six Nations.
He has fallen down the pecking order behind Frederic Michalak, Camille Lopez, Remi Tales and even young Stade Francais fly-half Jules Plisson during the Six Nations.
But Plisson has been left out of the squad, none of whom will be allowed to play more than 30 games next season ahead of the World Cup.
Those matches included friendlies, international matches and club commitments - excluding the European Rugby Champions Cup knock-out rounds and Top 14 play-offs.
The aim is to avoid injuries from over-exertion ahead of the World Cup.
France's first choice hooker Dimitri Szarzewski of Racing Metro will miss the Australia tour after injuring his ankle in April in what was his 31st match of this season.
Toulouse centre Florian Fritz is a surprise omission from the squad, with uncapped Castres centre Remi Lamerat winning a call-up.
Forwards (18): T Domingo (Clermont), V Debaty (Clermont), B Kayser (Clermont), D Szarzewski (Racing Metro), N Mas (Montpellier), R Slimani (S Francais), A Flanquart (S Francais), Y Maestri (Toulouse), P Pape (S Français), S Vahaamahina (Clermont), D Chouly (Clermont), A Claassen (Castres), L Picamoles (Toulouse), A Burban (S Francais), T Dusautoir (Toulouse), B Le Roux (Racing Metro), Y Nyanga (Toulouse), F Ouedraogo (Montpellier)
Backs (12): M Machenaud (Racing Metro), M Parra (Clermont), F Michalak (Toulon), R Tales (Castres), F Trinh-Duc (Montpellier), M Bastareaud (Toulon), W Fofana (Clermont), R Lamerat (Castres), M Medard (Toulouse), H Bonneval (S Francais), B Dulin (Castres), Y Huget (Toulouse)