Former England captain Lewis Moody has retired from rugby with immediate effect.
The 33-year-old Bath flanker made his Leicester Tigers debut in 1996 before switching to Bath in 2010.
Moody won 71 caps for England and the Lions and led England in last year's Rugby World Cup in New Zealand, but has struggled with injuries in recent seasons.
He suffered with knee ligament, foot, eye socket and shoulder problems and confirmed it is his latest shoulder injury which has forced him to call time on his playing career.
Announcing his retirement, Moody said: "It is with great sadness that I have to announce my immediate retirement from all forms of rugby. I have been very privileged to have played in some incredible teams and with some phenomenal players.
"I owe a huge debt of gratitude to all the medics and physios who have put me back together time and time again to enable me to continue to play this wonderful sport of ours.
"I would like to thank all of the coaches that I have worked with during my career, from Bracknell minis to the British and Irish Lions; they have all left their mark on me as a player.''
"It goes without saying how much I value the fans who have supported me so loyally over the years, it has been one of life's singular pleasures to have played this game in front of you."
Moody won seven Premiership titles and two Heineken Cups with Leicester, as well as two Six Nations Championships with England. He was also part of the squad which won the 2003 World Cup, playing a part in all seven of England's games.