England centre Jack Reed has been ruled out of the World Cup because of a dislocated shoulder.
The Brisbane Broncos star was a certainty to be included in Steve McNamara's 24-man squad but suffered the injury in NRL action against Canterbury Bulldogs last weekend.
Reed, 24, who made his England debut in the 2011 Four Nations Series, needs to have surgery on his shoulder. The luckless centre had only just recovered from a collarbone injury.
McNamara said: "I can't tell you the full extent of the injury. He won't be available for selection, which is very disappointing for Jack. Jack's really upset about it. He's been desperate to be available for the World Cup.
"His collarbone would have been fine with another couple of weeks of recovery and rehab but I saw him do it (via satellite television).
"We didn't think it was going to be that bad but I've had confirmation from himself and his surgeon that he needs to have it operated on immediately so it's a significant injury."
Reed was tipped to line up alongside Leeds threequarter Kallum Watkins and his injury means Huddersfield's Leroy Cudjoe or Leeds' Zak Hardaker could come into contention.
McNamara added: "It's very disappointing for us but this is why we put programmes in place so that, if something like this does happen, we have other candidates to jump in and fill that spot.
"Obviously Leroy and Kallum Watkins have been played the majority of the time for us in the last year and Zak filled in for us this year and we've got quite a few other strong candidates as well.
"It's not terminal for us as a team. I would have been very surprised had we got through to the selection date with everyone available."
McNamara will finalise his squad ahead of the October 5 Grand Final before taking them to a training camp in South Africa.
They will play a warm-up game against Italy on October 19, a week before the opening World Cup match against Australia.
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