THE MASTERS 2014

  10 - 13 April

1930s

Last Updated: 01/04/14 1:06pm

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Gene Sarazen

Gene Sarazen

Upon retiring from competitive golf, the great amateur Robert Tyre Jones - better known as Bobby Jones - joined forces with businessman Clifford Roberts to create their dream golf course.

30's Moments

1930 Bobby Jones wins Grand Slam
1931 Al Capone imprisoned
1932 Bodyline defeats Bradman
1933 Hitler elected German chancellor
1934 Board game Monopoly launched
1935 First Penguin paperback
1936 Spanish Civil Wars begins
1937 First jet-engine built
1938 Chamberlain declares "peace in our time"
1939 Germany invades Poland

In 1931 they purchased Fruitland Nurseries and retained Dr Alister MacKenzie as architect. The course was opened in early 1933 and 12 months later witnessed the inaugural Augusta National Invitation.

The first winner was Horton Smith, a man who was deemed by Byron Nelson to have the finest short game of his generation.

His victory was somewhat appropriate given that he had been, in 1930, the last man to defeat Jones, and Smith rubber-stamped his success by claiming victory in 1936 as well.

In between those wins the two nines were reversed (the ninth had previously been the final hole) and Gene Sarazen won, creating the first iconic Masters moment in the process.

Playing the par-five 15th hole Sarazen holed his second shot for a stunning double eagle (or albatross), an effort that was subsequently called "the shot heard around the world".

It helped Sarazen catch the leader Craig Wood, who he defeated in the play-off next day.

In 1937 the members began to wear green jackets (the winner would not do so until the late 1940s) and Byron Nelson won for the first time, playing the 12th and 13th holes in just two and three shots, making up six strokes on the leader Ralph Guldahl.

That same year Sam Snead played the first of his 44 consecutive starts.

In 1938 Guldahl again went close, finishing behind the winner Henry Picard, but before the decade was out he was due a win.

It came in 1939, the year the world went to war and the tournament reverted to the name it is known by today - The Masters.

Guldahl won the event but it was the last of his career as he became an early example of a major champion whose career nose-dived after great success.

FOCUS ON - GENE SARAZEN

When Sarazen holed out for a double-eagle on the 15th hole of the final round of the 1935 Masters it was proclaimed as "the shot heard around the world." But years later the deadpan Sarazen would tell a tale that demonstrated how the reality was somewhat different to the myth that arose around it. "How many people saw the shot?" a friend would ask. "Twenty-two," Sarazen would answer. "How many people say they saw it?" "22,000." Then Sarazen would laugh because he knew why people said it and he acknowledged his, and the tournament's, debt to the legend of the shot. The inventor of the modern sand wedge, Sarazen won just the one Masters title but as a contemporary and great rival of Bobby Jones, and as a personality, he is remembered as one of the great Masters champions and hit the honorary tee shot throughout the 1980s and 90s with Sam Snead.

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