The use of goal-line technology was rubber-stamped by the International FA
Board today. We looks at the games and goals that might have been different had it been used earlier.
Geoff Hurst, England v West Germany, 1966
The most famous was-it-over-the-line goal of all time came in the 1966 World Cup final when Hurst's shot hit the underside of the crossbar and bounced down.
Referee Gottfried Dienst was unsure whether it had crossed the line but assistant Tofik Bahramov gave it, England led 3-2 and went on to win 4-2, with Hurst completing his hat-trick. Bahramov earned notoriety as the Russian linesman, although he was actually from Azerbaijan and the national stadium in Baku is named after him.
Clive Allen, Coventry v Crystal Palace, 1980
The Crystal Palace striker let fly with a free-kick from 25 yards that arrowed into the top corner. But it hit the stanchion inside the goal and flew straight back out, and both referee and linesman ruled it was not a goal despite Palace's appeals.
Jonathan Howard, Chesterfield v Middlesbrough, 1997
Third Division Chesterfield went into their FA Cup semi-final clash with Middlesbrough as big underdogs but raced into a 2-0 lead and should have gone 3-1 ahead when Howard's shot hit the bar and clearly bounced over the line. But it was not given and the game ended as a draw, with Boro winning the replay.
Luis Garcia, Liverpool v Chelsea, 2005
Chelsea manager Jose Mourinho coined the term 'ghost goal' after Garcia was adjudged to have forced the ball over the line in their Champions League semi-final. It proved a decisive goal and Mourinho made reference to it again this season ahead of Real Madrid's semi-final against Bayern Munich, which the Germans won.
Pedro Mendes, Manchester United v Tottenham, 2005
There looked little danger when Spurs midfielder Mendes tried a speculative shot from near the halfway line towards the United goal, but Roy Carroll spilled it. The goalkeeper made a desperate lunge to retrieve the ball and referee Mark Clattenburg did not award a goal despite replays showing the ball to be well over the line. The game finished 0-0.
John Eustace, Watford v Reading, 2008
Another ghost goal, Eustace's shot went significantly wide of the Reading goal before Noel Hunt hooked it back into play but assistant referee Nigel Bannister flagged for a goal and referee Stuart Attwell awarded it.
Frank Lampard, England v Germany, 2010
England were trailing Germany 2-1 in the last 16 of the World Cup in South Africa when Lampard unleashed a shot that hit the underside of the bar and clearly bounced down over the line, but it was not given and Germany went on to win 4-1.
Clint Hill, Bolton v QPR, 2012
The Reebok Stadium hosted a key relegation battle between Bolton and Rangers, and the visitors should have gone ahead but the officials ruled Hill's header had not crossed the line before being clawed out by Adam Bogdan. Replays showed the decision to be clearly wrong and Bolton won the game 2-1.
Juan Mata, Chelsea v Tottenham, 2012
Martin Atkinson awarded Chelsea a goal that put them into a 2-0 lead in this year's FA Cup semi-final despite Benoit Assou-Ekotto appearing to block the ball on the line. The Blues went on to win 5-1 at Wembley.
Marko Devic, Ukraine v England, 2012
England were on the right side of a decision at the European Championship when Marko Devic's shot appeared to have crossed the line before John Terry hooked it out, but it was not given and England won the game 1-0 to top their group.