The Soviet Union came from behind to win 2-1 against Yugoslavia to claim the first European Nations Cup.
Spain needed a late winner against holders the USSR for their solitary success on the world stage.
Italy won their first international trophy since 1938, but needed a replay to see off Yugoslavia in the final.
West Germany recovered from the disappointment of their 1970 World Cup exit with a dominant display.
Czechoslovakia were the first side to win a major international tournament by penalty shoot-out.
Germany won a second European Championship, though Belgium pushed them close.
France won their first major title thanks to goals in every game from the great Michel Platini.
Marco van Basten's wonder goal helped Holland to their only international trophy to date.
Denmark gatecrashed a European Championships dominated by political turmoil.
Oliver Bierhoff scored the first golden goal in international football as Germany won again.
David Trezeguet's golden goal secured France a World Cup and European double.
Greece shocked hosts Portugal, and the European football community, with victory.