Last Updated: 31/03/15 3:09pm
The Manor name returns to motorsport in 2015 after a late revival of the team which ran under the Marussia banner in 2014.
After the joys of their first points in Monaco, last year ended on a sour note with the team in administration and their driver, Jules Bianchi, fighting for his life in hospital following his crash during the Japanese GP.
Some of the team’s assets were sold off to pay creditors, including their base to Haas F1, but the team were rescued in February by Northern Irish businessman Stephen Fitzpatrick, the boss of Ovo Energy.
Manor have returned to their spiritual home of Yorkshire where their hugely successful junior formula squad was based before entering F1 in 2010.
Established in 1990, a string of future F1 stars passed through the Manor ranks, including future world champions Kimi Raikkonen and Lewis Hamilton.
Initially entering F1 with sponsorship from Richard Branson's Virgin brand, the team were launched in conjunction with former Benetton and Simtek technical chief Nick Wirth and famously pioneered an all-computational fluid dynamics (CFD) car design with the VR-01.
However, the new squad suffered huge embarrassment in their early races when it was discovered that the car's fuel tank was too small. Coupled with other reliability problems, the team didn't record a two-car finish until a new chassis was pressed into service at the start of the European season.
Wirth had continued to enthusiastically champion the CFD method despite a disappointing series of results into 2011, which only saw Virgin fall further away from Caterham (then Team Lotus) and the two parties eventually parted company. In response, former Renault engineering chief Pat Symonds came on board as a consultant and the team soon signed a technical deal with McLaren.
Virgin's reliability record greatly improved in 2011, but on-track performances failed to do so and they actually slipped into the clutches of HRT. There appeared little to smile about at the start of 2012 either as the now Marussia-branded team missed all of the official winter tests following a failed crash test with the new MR-01.
However, things did steadily get better thereafter and Timo Glock's attrition-assisted 12th place finish in Singapore moved them ahead of Caterham in the standings. But although Marussia's progress was confirmed when both of their cars belatedly outqualified the Caterhams for the first time ever in Austin, Vitaly Petrov's late overtake of Charles Pic in the rain of Interlagos swung things back the other way.
Having joined the team at its inception from big-spending Toyota, the experienced Glock was then a casualty of the financial pressures at the squad, with the team entering 2013 with an all-rookie-line up of Ferrari youngster Bianchi and Britain's Max Chilton. However, with Caterham effectively running only an updated 2012 chassis at the start of the new season, Marussia held an immediate upper hand - outqualifying and outracing their perennial rivals at the season's first three rounds.
Indeed, in a Malaysian GP in which six cars dropped out, Bianchi's 13th place finish proved telling come the end of the season as it was the best result either Marussia or Caterham achieved all year - meaning that for the first time it was Marussia who finished tenth in the standings.
2014 brought the team’s first points when Bianchi finished ninth in the Monaco GP which was enough to see them finish ahead of not only Caterham, but also Sauber in the Constructors’ Championship.
However, the year would end badly when Bianchi was hospitalised with serious head injuries following a collision with a recovery vehicle during the Japanese GP.
Following the next race in Russia, backer Andrey Cheglakov pulled his funding and the team entered administration, missing the final three grands prix.
They exited administration in February thanks to a rescue deal headed by Fitzpatrick and headed to Australia without a completed car, although they failed to turn a wheel during the season-opening race.