England made a solid start to their second innings, reaching 111-0 after being made to follow-on by India on the third day in Ahmedabad.
Pragyan Ojha claimed 5-45 as the tourists were dismissed for 191 shortly before tea to concede a first-innings deficit of 330.
Opening pair Alastair Cook and Nick Compton batted throughout the final session of the day to give England renewed hope of salvaging a draw in the opening match of the series.
Cook led the way with 74 not out, while debutant Compton survived some anxious moments early on to reach 34 as England reduced their arrears to 219 at the close.
England resumed on 41-3 at the start of the day, Cook and Kevin Pietersen dropping anchor during the first hour of the morning against spinners Ojha and Ravichandran Ashwin (3-80).
They had extended their fourth-wicket stand to 39 when Pietersen was once again undone by left-arm spin, Ojha bowling him middle stump for 17 with one that did not turn.
Ojha made it two in two balls when Ian Bell holed out to Sachin Tendulkar at mid-off after coming down the pitch to his first delivery.
Cook, having battled his way to 41 from 109 balls, was next to go, edging a flighted delivery from Ashwin low to Virender Sehwag at slip.
And just to pile on the misery, Samit Patel (10) received a poor lbw decision after seam bowler Umesh Yadav (1-14) had been brought into the attack for the first time shortly before lunch, which was taken with England on 110-7.
Matt Prior struck nine boundaries in his 48 - the top score of the innings - and received some support from Tim Bresnan (19) and Stuart Broad (25) in the afternoon before Ojha completed his fourth five-wicket haul in Tests and England were sent back in after an early tea.