Second Test Match
India 311-5 (S R Tendulkar 88, G Gambhir 67, S C Ganguly 54 no) v Australia
Sachin Tendulkar put India in control of the second Test against Australia on a record breaking opening day in Mohali.
Tendulkar stroked a superb 88, an innings that took him past Brian Lara as the leading run scorer in Test history and led India to 311-5.
He shared a 142-run, fifth-wicket alliance with Sourav Ganguly before becoming Peter Siddle's maiden Test wicket late in the day.
Tendulkar took centre stage after Mitchell Johnson had prompted an afternoon collapse that saw India slump from 146-1 to 163-4.
The 35-year-old, making his 152nd Test appearance, arrived at the crease needing 15 runs to overtake Lara, his great West Indian contemporary.
He began nervously, not helped by the departures of Gautam Gambhir and VVS Laxman at the other end, but encountered few alarms himself in reaching 13 not out at tea.
And the landmark moment arrived from the first delivery after tea - bowled by Siddle - which Tendulkar guided down to third man for three.
Jubilant scenes and a short delay followed as the Australians offered their congratulations amid a firework display that sounded spectacular, although it was difficult to judge given the bright sunshine that bathed the ground.
Tendulkar was, however, far from finished and went on to notch his 50th Test half-century and become the charter member of the 12,000-run club during the evening session.
A 40th century went begging when Siddle (1-80) used the second new ball to induce a low edge to Matthew Hayden at first slip.
Ganguly (54no) and nightwatchman Ishant Sharma (2no) saw India through to the close without further loss and will resume on Saturday with the opportunity to bat Australia out of the game.
Kumble ruled out
India suffered a blow prior to the start when skipper Anil Kumble was ruled out due to a shoulder injury.
Limited-overs captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni stepped up to lead his country for the second time in a Test, while leg-spinner Amit Mishra was handed a debut.
Australia were forced to make one change from the side that drew the first Test in Bangalore, Stuart Clark's elbow injury opening the door for Victorian rookie Siddle.
Dhoni called correctly at the toss and opted to bat on a placid-looking surface.
Opening pair Virender Sehwag and Gambhir provided a flying start by adding 70 in 14.2 overs before Sehwag - who had raced to 35 off 36 balls - glanced Johnson down the leg-side to wicketkeeper Brad Haddin.
Gambhir was equally ferocious as he stepped out to hit successive lofted boundaries off part-time spinner Michael Clarke to bring up his half-century.
He shared a 76-run, second-wicket partnership with Rahul Dravid either side of the lunch interval.
But the hosts lost three quick wickets in the afternoon, collapsing to 163-4 with Johnson doing most of the damage.
Dravid (39) fetched a Brett Lee (1-56) delivery onto his stumps via the inside edge, and Gambhir (67) departed the next over when a thin nick off Johnson was safely pouched by Haddin.
The Queensland left-armer (3-68) followed up by strangling Laxman down the leg-side to put Australia right back in the contest.
But Tendulkar seized back the initiative - before his late departure - alongside Ganguly, who became the fourth Indian to pass 7,000 Test runs.