A century from Steven Mullaney in only his second first-class match as an opener was backed up by Samit Patel's 87 not out as Nottinghamshire moved themselves into a winning position against Surrey.
Mullaney hit 12 fours and a six in a superb innings of 104 off 201 balls to help Nottinghamshire to 360-6 by stumps on day two in response to Surrey's below-par first innings 198.
Mullaney added 105 for the first wicket with Riki Wessels, who made 47, and then a further 50 with Michael Lumb for the second.
Surrey briefly threatened to mount a fightback with the ball when slow left-armer Gary Keedy tempted James Taylor down the pitch to have him stumped by Steven Davies for five, soon after Chris Tremlett had won an lbw appeal against Lumb, on 22.
That left Notts on 168-3 but Patel, initially in partnership with Mullaney and later in further useful stands with David Hussey, Read and Ajmal Shahzad, batted with great confidence and composure to make sure there was no way back into the game for Surrey in the second half of a long, hot day in the
field for the home side.
Patel, one of England's forgotten men, struck 12 fours from 149 balls to hold the innings together once Mullaney, with the total on 207, had tried to fetch a ball from Zafar Ansari to the deep mid-wicket boundary but succeeded only in mis-hitting a simple looping catch to Rory Burns at wide mid-on.
Hussey, pulling Ansari and then straight-driving Keedy for sixes either side of tea, increased the tempo in a stand of 58 with Patel until he thumped a return catch on 37 to Keedy, who did well to hold on to a stinging drive at waist height.
Read enjoyed escapes on 13 and 15 when he edged Tremlett just short of first slip then Jade Dernbach for four between wicketkeeper Davies and first slip, both of whom could only get a fingertip on the ball.
Tremlett, who got through 17 overs in the day, was the main threat, with overall figures so far of 3-71 from 23 overs, but Zander de Bruyn was completely ineffective in the third seamer's role and Surrey, threatened already by relegation, will do very well to get out of this game with a draw.